US Supreme Court repeals abortion rights

In a historic turn, the US Supreme Court on Friday buried a ruling that for nearly half a century had guaranteed the right of American women to have an abortion, but was never accepted by the oath.

• Read also: An American woman fears for her life after refusing medical abortion in Malta

This decision does not make the termination of pregnancy illegal, but it does return the United States to the status quo in force before the token “Roe v. Wade” ruling of 1973, when each state was free to delegate them or not.

Given the divisions in the country, half of the states, especially in the more conservative and religious south and center, can drive them away in the fairly short term.

Justice Samuel Alito wrote on behalf of the majority: “The Constitution does not refer to abortion and none of its articles implicitly protect this right.” ru vs. Wade “was unfounded from the start” and “must be rescinded.”

“It is time to return the question of abortion to the elected representatives of the people” in local parliaments, he wrote again.

This wording is close to an initial draft of the ruling that was the subject of an unprecedented leak in early May, which sparked large demonstrations across the country and a wave of discontent on the left.

Since then, the climate has been so tense around the courtyard that a security barrier has been imposed to keep protesters at a distance. Even a gunman was arrested in June near the home of Judge Brett Kavanaugh and charged with attempted murder.

In Trump’s record

Health law professor Lawrence Justin notes that the ruling published Friday is “one of the most important in the history of the Supreme Court since its establishment in 1790.” “It has already happened that they have changed their case law, but to establish or restore a right, and never suppress it,” he told AFP.

The decision contrasts with the international trend to liberalize abortions, with progress being made in countries where the influence of the Catholic Church remains strong, such as Ireland, Argentina, Mexico and Colombia.

It is the culmination of 50 years of systematic struggle waged by the religious right, which for it represents a great victory, but not the end of the battle: the movement must continue to mobilize to bring as many nations as possible into its camp or to attempt it. Get a federal ban.

It is also part of the record of former Republican President Donald Trump who, during his tenure, deeply reformed the Supreme Court by bringing in three conservative justices (Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh, and Amy Connie Barrett) today’s signatories to that ruling.

Concretely, this relates to Mississippi law that was convinced to lower the legal time limit for abortion. Since the December hearing, several justices have hinted that they intend to take the opportunity to review the court’s case law more substantively.

The three progressive justices disagreed with the majority, saying that it “jeopardizes other privacy rights, such as contraception and same-sex marriage” and “undermines the legitimacy of the court.”

zombie laws

According to the Guttmacher Institute, a think tank that campaigns for access to contraception and abortion worldwide, 13 states have so-called “zombie” or “zombie” laws: they ban abortion, and were drafted to take effect almost automatically in an event Reverse in the Supreme Court.

Lawrence Justin predicts: “In the coming days, weeks, and months, we should see clinics close” in these sometimes densely populated states (Texas, Louisiana…).

Dozens of other states are expected to follow the full or partial ban.

In one part of the country, women wishing to have an abortion would be forced to continue the pregnancy, running things secretly, particularly by obtaining abortion pills online, or traveling to other countries, where abortions remain legal.

Anticipating the influx of immigrants, these democratic states took steps to facilitate access to abortions on their soil, and clinics began to change their staff and equipment resources.

Abortion rights advocates say travel is expensive, and the Supreme Court ruling will further penalize poor women or women who raise their children alone, and are over-represented in the black and Hispanic minorities.

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