These agreements formalize and strengthen the long-term cooperation between the French and American aviation industry.
This Tuesday, France officially became the latest country to join the Artemis Accords. Thus he engages in a great joint scientific adventure; With its new partners, the country is formalizing its commitment to sustainable exploration that benefits all of humanity. Thus, France becomes the twentieth country to join this alliance and the fifth in Europe.
This is a series of international agreements that bring together all the governments participating in the Artemis program, this ambitious series of missions aimed at returning man to the moon within a few years (see our article).
The text is based directly on the Outer Space Treaty, a text edited by the United Nations in 1967 to lay the foundations for space legislation. The conventions of Artemis complement the gray areas of this somewhat ancient text from more modern concepts and concepts; The goal is to formA framework for cooperation in the civilian exploration and peaceful use of the Moon, Mars, and other astronomical objects“.
It was Philippe Baptiste, president of our national space agency (CNES, or CNES), who put his signature at the bottom of the document along with the French ambassador to the United States, Philippe Etienne.
Formalization of long-term cooperation
“The fact that France joined the Artemis Accords represents a new step forward in our space partnership with the United States. It is already of critical importance to both countries, particularly in terms of Mars exploration and Earth observation programmes.”, explains the leader of the French aviation industry.
He is already pleased with the scientific, economic and strategic benefits of this signature. “For our scientific community and our industry, this new platform will allow us to challenge ourselves and continue to be among the world’s astronauts.“, He says.
France probably won’t be the last country to join this group. In particular, we can expect other countries in the European Union to follow suit. But not all signatories will be directly involved in the tasks of Artemis themselves; They pledge above all to respect the Code of Conduct and Cooperation which you can find in full here.
On the other hand, France should not only make numbers. Bill Nelson, Administrator of NASA, welcomed the French module with open arms. “We are pleased to welcome France as a new member of the family of signatories to the Artemis Agreements.He explains before recalling the ancient link that exists between the two countries’ aviation industries.
“France is one of the United States’ oldest allies, and our partnership in space exploration dates back more than half a century.Nelson says.This partnership is reinforced by France’s commitment to ensuring the peaceful and responsible exploration of space for future generations.“
An alliance that provokes the discontent of some major powers
Therefore, the list of signatories continues to grow, despite criticism from some members of the international community. Some governments, starting with Russia, have accused the United States of wanting to involve the entire planet in A program tailored to serve their strategic and economic interests. Some Chinese government media were highly critical; They denounce what they see as a form of covert colonialism.
A situation that is not surprising at all, given the tense relations between Washington and the other camp of Beijing and Moscow. Each pole systematically criticizes third parties as soon as they direct the slightest gesture of conciliation to the other camp.
The latter two also began to build a block on their side; They have started setting up their own space cooperation program. It includes in particular the construction of a joint lunar base. So it remains only to hope that the Artemis agreements will not turn into a new major point of contention, at a time when space is beginning to weigh more heavily in international relations.
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