Anxiety disorders: how do we recognize them?

Anxiety disorders were discovered by Sigmund Freud in the last century and have long been called “anxiety neurosis”. Today, specialists talk about anxiety disorders. Immediately after depression, it will be the most common psychological disorder.

Anxiety disorders commonly appear in several forms including generalized anxiety disorder, phobias and panic disorder. In addition, anxiety can sometimes be accompanied by other psychological disorders such as depression: then doctors talk about anxiety-depressive syndrome. A person suffers from an anxiety disorder if their fears interfere with their daily life. This pathology most often appears in adolescence, and sometimes during childhood. It is now the subject of numerous studies that tend to understand its biological function, in order to better diagnose it and above all to treat it effectively. But it is still necessary to learn how to recognize its presence.

What are the symptoms of anxiety?

Anxiety is the body’s natural mechanism of reaction to danger or stress. In a healthy individual, it subsides when its cause disappears. It is different for a patient with an anxiety disorder: then the anxiety appears for no reason and struggles to dispel it.

This excessive anxiety generates many psychological and physical symptoms. Irritability, impulsivity, and difficulty concentrating are very common in people who suffer from it. But the consequences are more comprehensive: the patient can also develop irrational fears, agoraphobia, impulse inhibition or even unhealthy pessimism. On a physical level, anxiety is generally characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances, heart palpitations, difficulty breathing, and also insomnia or headaches.

How are anxiety disorders diagnosed?

Anxiety can sometimes become disabling on a daily basis, by disrupting the lives of anxious people. It can lead to downtime, social phobia and a feeling of permanent insecurity. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will refer you to a psychiatrist if necessary. The latter will then be able to accurately diagnose the nature of the anxiety disorder and suggest appropriate monitoring and treatment.

Claustrophobia, hypervigilance and paranoia, attention disorder or PTSD require different treatments. To treat anxiety, treatments take many different forms: cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), or eye movement de-anxiety and reprocessing therapy), or taking anxiolytics and antidepressants, but only with a prescription, of course. Do not take anything on your own! All of these therapies are excellent tools available to psychiatrists to help patients overcome their fears.

People with anxiety are often advised to work on their hygiene and rhythm. Consumption of alcohol* or drugs, an excessively demanding lifestyle and deteriorating sleep quality amplify the anxiety disorder. A healthy lifestyle is often the first response to anxiety treatment. Don’t hesitate to ask your doctor for advice if you think you might suffer from it: there’s no doubt about letting imposter syndrome get in the way of your recovery.

* Warning, alcoholism is dangerous to health. Consume discreetly.

#Anxiety #disorders #recognize

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.