Exploring and colonizing Mars is a dream, but the moon with the lowercase letter “L” is the satellite of a planet. For example Phobos and Deimos are the two moons of Mars.
The moon with a head “L” is the only natural satellite of the Earth; It may have been caused by a collision 4.4 years ago… “data-image =” https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midoriginal/c/7/8/c785911d64_50034415_lune-05 .jpg “data-url = “https://news.google.com/sciences/definitions/universe-lune-2550/” data-more = “Read More”> in hand. Our natural satellite still contains many secrets and the announced return of both rovers andhomo sapiens on the lunar surface during the decade of 2020 should provide us with stunning images, especially if we take into account the fact that it may be at rest in .
Among the mysteries that are waiting to be solved with the moon, we can cite riddlesas well as nature Gruithuisen, named in honor of Franz von Gruithuisen (1774-1852), a naturalist and Bavaria.
To understand why the Gruithuisen domes are a lunar geological mystery, we must already know that two main types of rocks dominate the lunar surface, the basalt formation
This rock… “data-image =” https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midoriginal/7/7/5/77529dcd51_45443_def-basalt-hartlutjosibennoehr-wikimediacommonsjpg.jpg “data-url=” https://news.google.com/planete/definitions/structure-terre-basalte-1412/ “data-more=”read more”> From the lunar seas and from the heights. They are easily spotted with their color sometimes… “data-image=” https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/7/9/5/7951943cc1_85596_couleur.jpg “data-url=” https://news.google.com/science/definitions/physics-color-4126/” data-more = “Read More”> From the ground – basalts are indicated by dark areas and anorthosites with brighter areas.
However, mineral and morphological studies of the lunar surface have been conducted using orbiting satellites capable of remote sensing and high-resolution images.Like the lunar reconnaissance vehicle (LRO) from NASA or From Jaxa, reveal some . They are usually a few scattered and relatively small volcanic centers composed of rocks rich in silica and composed of many minerals. It is thus found in some whole foods, in bones and cartilage, for example. bound to other atoms (aluminum, magnesium, calcium, etc.), … “data-image=” https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midoriginal/0/2/9/029e94324a_93543_silice .jpg” data-url =” https://news.google.com/planete/definitions/geologie-silice-15955/ “data-more=”read more”> Like the or dacite, i.e. volcanic versions of granite or . This is the case of the Gruithuisen domes, whose chemical composition is derived from measurements made with the instrument. It really indicates that it is a volcanic edifice similar to some of those known on Earth which consists of rocks much richer in silica than the basalts of the ocean floor.
Volcanoes produced by plate tectonics on Earth but on the Moon
Now, that’s the problem, on Earth these volcanic buildings are formed in areasof oceanic plates though composed of particles carried away by erosion agents, which are deposited in successive layers…”data-image=” https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/ buildsv6/images/midoriginal/2/6 /1/261f67921e_47250_def-sediment-eutrophisationethypoxia-flickr.jpg “data-url=” https://news.google.com/planete/definitions/paleontologie-sediment-1045/ “data-more = “read more”> submerged under a continental plate. This is the case of the study of volcanoes is volcanology or volcanology. Volcanic activity is one of… “data-image=” https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midoriginal/d/c/f/dcfcbbf72e_125167_volcan-arenal-costa-rica. jpg “data-url = “https://news.google.com/planete/definitions/volcanologie-volcano-3537/” data-more = “Read more”> From the Andes, or for example the famous whose rocks come from cooling It consists of complex processes involving the remelting of rocks and sediments in subduction zones.
But we know very well that there is no drift for…” data-image =” https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/9/f/c/ 9fcec5bdc0_45137_tectonic-plate-wikimediacommons-dp.jpg “data-url=” https://news.google.com/planet/definitions/geology-tectonic-plates-970/ “data-more=”read more”>On the surface of the Moon and even fewer oceans, sediments settle to the bottom. How, then, to explain the existence of Gruithuisen domes?
Selenologists, with their knowledge of the geophysics and geochemistry of rocky processes on Earth, have some hypotheses and models about this. But as usual, data is required to confirm it…or refute it! To really do comparative planetary and volcanology, you have to go to the site with the tools.
That’s fine, that’s exactly what NASA wants to do, confirming with a recent announcement that it wants to send a lander in a few years that will carry it with it.To the top of one of the domes of Gruithuisen.
Lunar-VISE will explore the mysterious Gruithuisen Domes – domes on the Moon suspected to have been formed by sticky magma! With Lunar-VISE, we will begin to answer questions about the history of lunar volcanic activity. Congratulations to Dr. Kerry Donaldson Hanna and UCF Team! pic.twitter.com/GG7G8AIZFH
– Thomas Zurbuchen (@Dr_ThomasZ) June 2, 2022
So NASA just gave $35 million to two planetary scientists,And the who will lead this mission on behalf of Vulcan Moon Imaging and Spectroscopy Explorerie Lunar VISE.
Keri Donaldson Hanna explains: We will use a range of instruments on a lander and rover to study the formation of domes, including the composition and properties of regolith and rocks, and how lunar dust interacts with the rover and rover when exploring the volcanic dome. There is likely to be a treasure trove of knowledge waiting to be discovered, which will not only help us develop exploration in the futureand lunar man, but it can also help us better understand the history of our planet as well as other planets in the solar system. »
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