Legislative in France | The first round of the duel between Macron and Melenchon

(Paris) The French people vote in mainland France, today, Sunday, in the first round of the legislative elections, which incite the pro-Emmanuel Macron coalition, in search of a parliamentary majority to implement his presidential program, against the reviving left behind Jean-Luc Mélenchon.

Posted at 7:27

By the political pole and regional offices of AFP
France media agency

The turnout was 18.43% at noon, down 0.8 points from 2017 when it was 19.24%, and 2.5 points from the 2012 legislative elections at the same hour (21.06%).

It is also sharply lower than the first round of the 2022 presidential election at the same time (25.48%), but significantly higher than the 2021 provincial and territorial elections (12.22%).

In Saint-Sulpice-la-Forêt (Ille-et-Vilaine), 61-year-old Arnaud Davy notes that there is “less enthusiasm from the presidential election, people talk less about it”. He “votes in all elections”.

The frighteningly massive abstention – in excess of 50% of the more than 48 million voters – could rule the proxy match between the newly re-elected head of state and Mr. Melenchon, the third-man in the presidential election and now the head of the left, while on the far right, Marin was exposed Le Pen RN calculated ambitions.

Photo by Daniel Cole, The Associated Press

Left-wing leader Jean-Luc Melenchon voted in Marseille.

The Left Alliance Nupes (LFI, PCF, PS, and EELV) is neck and neck in voting intent with Together!, the macronist coalition of LREM/Renaissance, MoDem and Horizons.

Photo by Ludovic Marin, Agence France-Presse

President Emmanuel Macron cast his vote in Le Touquet, northern France.

But in the second round on Sunday, June 19, the vote reserve may be missing for Newbies to seek victory, unless there is a strong crowd of first-round abstainers.

Abstinence in legislative elections has increased since the 1993 elections, rising from 31% that year to 51.3% in 2017. It primarily affects the youth and the working classes. On Sunday afternoon, Seine-Saint-Denis is the district that voted least (9.85%).

For Macron, the danger of the relative majority

Leaving a supermarket in Bris-Saint-Denis (Seine-Saint-Denis), 38-year-old Anissa, who did not want to reveal her surname, said that she voted for the last time in 2002, during the duel between Jean-Marie Le. Ben and Jacques Chirac.

“After that, I was disappointed, so I feel I have no time to waste on people manipulating the population. In my family, we are four brothers and sisters, we don’t vote. Only our parents consider it an act of citizenship.”

Latest polls published on Friday place together! In the lead in terms of the number of deputies, but not necessarily by an absolute majority – 289 of the 577 seats – that the Macaroons held in the former National Assembly elected in 2017.

If Mr Macron gets only a relative majority, he will have to compromise with other parliamentary groups to agree to his laws.

In the least likely scenario, if newbies Jean-Luc Mélenchon win an absolute majority, Emmanuel Macron will be deprived of nearly all of his powers.

With this in mind, Mr. Melenchon has been reiterating his desire to make this legislative election a “third round” that would allow him to be an “elected Prime Minister”.

Mr Macron chose to appear, as during the presidential election, as a bulwark against “extremists”.

He pointed out the lack of credibility of the Nubians, according to him, on the economic level, and called for a “strong and clear” majority in order to be able to implement his program.

Including Prime Minister Elizabeth Bourne, 15 members of the government are running for legislative elections and will have to leave the executive branch in the event of defeat, according to a rule unwritten but already implemented in 2017 by Mr Macron.

In Guadeloupe where we voted on Saturday, Secretary of State for Maritime Affairs Justine Benin (MoDem) is holding a positive vote against candidate Noubes Christian Baptiste. Participation, very low, is low compared to 2017, as in Martinique where it does not exceed 21.37%.

After Marine Le Pen garnered more than 40% of the vote in the second round of the presidential election, she outperformed the National Rally, according to polls, Nupes and Together! for legislative purposes. However, it secured between 20 and 40 deputies, compared to eight elected in 2017, thus forming a parliamentary bloc for the first time since 1986.

RN hopes for conquests

RN, strong in PACA and in Hauts-de-France, hopes to elect officials in new regions, such as Grand Est, Occitanie or even New Aquitaine.

It is in this camp that former presidential candidate Eric Zemmour, in Var, is fueling hope of being elected as a deputy. It can be the only one from Reconquest! , his party.

Finally, this legislative election promises to be in too great a jeopardy for the traditional Republican (LR) right, a pillar of French political life for decades, but has been out of power since 2012, and its candidate, Valérie Pécresse, received less than 5% of the vote. Presidential vote.

Nearly 6,300 candidates are vying for the 577 seats, 20% less than in 2017, due in particular to the agreement on the left. Those who will not be elected on Sunday evening will have to enter the second round on June 19, either making it to the first two rounds in their district, or garnering the votes of 12.5% ​​of registered voters.

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