- Philippa Roxby
- health reporter
Exercising early in the morning can benefit women who want to reduce body fat and blood pressure.
According to an American study, physical exercise is good for your health no matter what time of day you exercise it, but the time of day you get the best results may be different for women and men.
It revealed that women burn more body fat by exercising in the morning, while men burn more body fat in the evening.
The researchers say that much of what is known about this topic is based on studies involving men.
Gender differences in hormones, biological clocks, and sleep-wake cycles can play a role.
The study, which involved 30 men and 26 women – all active and healthy, ages 25 to 55 – lasted 12 weeks and monitored the effects of a varied fitness program, including stretching, jogging, resistance and endurance.
One group exercised for an hour before 8:30 a.m., while the other group followed the same activities in the evening, between 6 p.m. and 8 p.m. All participants followed a tailored meal plan.
The researchers tested everyone’s blood pressure and body fat during the study, as well as their flexibility, strength, and aerobic strength at the beginning and end of the study.
All study participants improved their general health and performance over the 12 weeks of the experiment, regardless of when they exercised.
“The best time to exercise is when you can do it and it fits your schedule,” says Dr. Paul Arsario, lead author of the study and professor of health and human physiological sciences at Skidmore College, New York.
But he suggests that there is “something else going on” and that the ideal time of day to exercise is different for women and men.
Sooner or later ?
According to the study results, women who want to reduce fat around the waist and lower blood pressure should exercise in the morning, says Dr. Arsario.
This is important because belly fat – or belly – surrounds the body’s internal organs, including the liver, and can be dangerous.
In contrast, he says women looking to improve upper body muscle strength as well as mood and diet should exercise in the evening.
The men in the trial were less sensitive to the time of day they exercised, which improves their strength in the morning and evening.
But evening exercise turns out to be “ideal for men who want to improve their heart and metabolic health, as well as their emotional health,” says Dr. Arsario.
Improving metabolic health means lowering the risk of diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
It’s not clear exactly why men and women’s responses to exercise differ, and researchers say more research is needed to find out more.
According to them, women may burn more body fat in the morning because they are more likely to have excess belly fat. The body’s internal rhythms may also play a role.
The study, published in Frontiers in Physiology, tracked people of a healthy weight, but the researchers say the program could also work on people who are overweight or obese.
“They are more likely to benefit from it,” says Dr. Arsario.
#time #exercise #men #women #BBC #News #BBC #Home