Increasing impact of Africa CDC, monkeys and polio vaccination: weekly health update

(Ecofin Agency) – Monkeypox in Nigeria and Africa, polio vaccination in Zambia, money to strengthen South Africa’s health system … A look back at some of the notable health news in Africa this week.

Africa CDC Strengthens Its Influence

Having been promoted to the status of an independent public health agency by the African Union last February, the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) continues to strengthen its position and influence at the continental level.

We know that negotiations are currently underway to create a potential continental pandemic declaration mechanism, under the control of the Africa CDC, with the aim of reducing the continent’s dependence on other regions. While this development is welcomed by the World Health Organization, which Fully supports the ongoing African Union-led process to strengthen the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC)”this is not without opening the door to potential tensions in influence between the two organizations, the first Pan-African, and the second United Nations, in managing health interventions on the continent.

Nigeria: 10 new cases of monkeypox

In the West African giant, health authorities reported 10 new confirmed cases of monkeypox (monkeypox) in the week ending June 5 alone, bringing the total confirmed cases to 31 in 2022, Outbreak News Today reports.

The 10 new confirmed cases were reported in six states: Edo (2), Rivers (2), Plateau (2), Lagos (2), Ondo (1) and Imo (1). Of the 31 confirmed cases, 21 were reported, or 67%, in people between the ages of 21 and 40. From September 2017 to June 5, 2022, Nigeria reported 257 confirmed cases and nine deaths (1 death in 2022).

For the CDC in Africa, the continent should be the priority to launch a global vaccination campaign against monkeypox, as an endemic area. This was stated by Ahmed Oguil Imad, Acting Director of the African Foundation, Thursday, June 16th.

This is while entities such as the European Union have already expressed their intention to conduct mass purchases of vaccines and other treatments against this animal disease.

Our position is that vaccination is an important tool and must start here in Africa (…) He told the media, while there are nearly 1,600 cases of monkeypox on the continent, for 66 deaths. The affected countries are Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Morocco, Ghana, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

The Pretoria government will benefit from $480 million from the World Bank to strengthen its COVID-19 vaccination program and health system. This was stated by the National Treasury earlier this week in a press release. In the country most affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, these resources will be used to improve the ability to identify SARS-CoV-2 variants on its territory and in the African region through funding the Genetic Surveillance Project.

Report a cholera outbreak in Kenya

In early May, the Kenyan authorities detected cholera in Kisumu county and until the end of the month, a total of 319 cases and two deaths were reported. In the capital, Nairobi, cases have been reported in five of the city’s 17 sub-districts: Mathare, Starihi, Kamukonji, Westlands and Roy Sambo.

2 Kenya cholera

According to the World Health Organization, Kenya joins the list of three other countries, South Sudan, Tanzania and Somalia, in the East African sub-region, which are experiencing cholera outbreaks. No epidemiological link has been established between the ongoing cholera outbreak in Kenya and neighboring countries.

Zambia: 4.5 million children vaccinated against polio

In the wake of a polio outbreak announced earlier this year in Mozambique, frontline health workers in Zambia have vaccinated 4.5 million children under the age of five against the virus. During the survey, the teams reviewed those forgotten and vaccinated nearly 500,000 in two days.

Health update for the week of May 30 to June 5, 2022 (WHO)

In a weekly bulletin dedicated to public health emergencies in the African region, the WHO Health Emergencies Program reported tracking 154 events on the continent, in the week of May 30 to June 5, 2022, the most prominent of which were: the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan, the Ebola virus disease in Democratic Republic of the Congo, cholera in Kenya, and a case of COVID-19.

The humanitarian crisis in South Sudan

In this Horn of Africa country, the World Health Organization reported that the situation remains catastrophic, noting in particular more than two million people displaced within the country and about 8.9 million people in need of humanitarian assistance due to floods, food insecurity and conflict. The country is still experiencing floods in 2021, the worst since 1960, and the waters have yet to fully recede. These floods displaced more than 800,000 people, creating new camps for internally displaced people and informal settlements on the heights. »informs the United Nations agency.

3 South Sudan

The states most affected were Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity. In addition, 7.74 million people are at risk of severe food insecurity in the second quarter of 2022 (April to July), according to forecasts, an increase of 13.3% compared to the previous quarter.

Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: No new cases

Since the last report on May 19, 2022, 17 days have passed without a new case of Ebola virus reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. », says the World Health Organization. The province of Equateur remains the only one affected in the country, with two affected health districts (Mbandaka and Wangata) and three affected health districts (Libeki, Mama Balako and Motima Bimbe) added.

However, the source of the outbreak remains elusive, and investigators continue to seek additional information, including exposure history for cases and contacts. The epidemic has accumulated 5 cases, including 4 confirmed and 1 probable case, 1620 people have been vaccinated, including 823 front-line health workers.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: suspected cases of meningitis

In Haut-Uele District (Gombari Health District), local health authorities were alerted on 25 May 2022 to four consecutive deaths with typical characteristics of meningitis and include two men and two women. An investigation launched by local health authorities has identified a total of 26 cases with 14 deaths (death rate 53.8%) as of May 31, 2022. Additional analyzes are being conducted at the Kinshasa National Reference Laboratory (INRB-Kinshasa), according to the World Health Organization.

Namibia: measles outbreak

On June 2, 2022, the Namibian Ministry of Health and Social Services notified the World Health Organization of a confirmed measles outbreak in Otabe District, Omousate District, bordering Angola. Of the 23 suspected cases reported, five have been laboratory confirmed. All cases were identified in children between five months and 12 years of age

Covid-19 in Africa:

This week, the continent had just over 542,000 active cases of Covid, of nearly 5,000 new cases identified. Thus, 12.23 million official cases have accumulated in Africa since the beginning of the epidemic, including 255,500 deaths. South Africa continues to bear the brunt of positive cases.

I Renault Dusavi

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