(Tehran) The tone is rising in the Iranian nuclear file: the United States and the Europeans adopted the International Atomic Energy Agency on Wednesday, a resolution that officially demands Tehran to implement the regime, against the background of stalemate in negotiations to save 2015.
Updated yesterday at 4:00 PM.
In response, the Islamic Republic earlier disconnected surveillance cameras installed by the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Washington immediately warned that the decision threatens to “further complicate” talks in Vienna that have already been suspended since March.
The text presented by the US and the E3 (UK, France and Germany) is the first rebuke of Iran at the UN since June 2020.
In a joint statement, the four countries “welcomed” the results of the vote and urged Iran to “respect its legal obligations.”
The decision was approved by 30 members of the board of governors meeting in Vienna, with only Russia and China voting against the decision, according to two diplomats interviewed by AFP. Three countries abstained (India, Libya and Pakistan).
Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett welcomed the “big decision that exposes the true face of Iran,” considering it a “warning sign.”
The document urges Iran to “cooperate” with the International Atomic Energy Agency, which in a recent report denounced the lack of “technically credible” answers regarding traces of enriched uranium found at three undeclared sites.
The resolution of symbolic importance at this point may be a prelude to referring the dispute to the United Nations Security Council, which is empowered to impose sanctions.
On Wednesday, Mohammad Eslami, head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEIO), said that “Iran has no hidden nuclear activities or unreported sites,” accusing the West of wanting to “continue maximum pressure” with this “political” decision.
Even before the vote, during the day Iran cut off “several cameras” at “nuclear sites” in the country, according to a press release issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency.
“Today, the relevant authorities were instructed to shut down the online enrichment monitoring devices (OLEMs) and cameras from the agency’s flow meters,” she said.
However, the Iranian organization added that “more than 80% of the cameras in the agency are operating according to the safeguards agreement and will continue to function as before.”
And his spokesman, Behrouz Kamalvandi, who went to one of the sites to watch the cameras stop, warned “other measures should be taken”.
A spokesperson for US diplomacy responded in an interview with AFP that the action was “extremely unfortunate” and “counterproductive”. “Iran’s response should be to cooperate fully” with the International Atomic Energy Agency, “and not to continue developing its nuclear activities and reduce transparency.”
Since January 2016, UN police have been verifying and monitoring the implementation of commitments made by Iran under the agreement concluded the previous year in Vienna with major powers.
The agreement, known by its English acronym JCPOA, granted the Islamic Republic sanctions in return for restrictions on its nuclear programme.
But Washington withdrew from the agreement in 2018, headed by Donald Trump, deeming the text insufficient, and re-imposed economic sanctions on Tehran, which in response gradually freed itself from its obligations.
L’actuel président America, Joe Biden, étant lui favorable au JCPOA, des négociations ont démarré en avril 2021 à Vienne entre l’E3, la Russie et la Chine pour tenter de le relancer, mais semblent de plus en plus à l’vouées Loss. The United States is indirectly involved.
During discussions before the Board of Governors, London, Paris and Berlin denounced an “unprecedented advanced nuclear program” and activities “without credible civilian justification”.
According to the latest estimates of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Iran will soon have accumulated enough 60% enriched uranium for a bomb.
Tehran, which denies any military objective, informed the agency of its intention to increase enrichment capabilities at the Natanz (center) site, according to information from the International Atomic Energy Agency presented to the council on Wednesday.
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