Fighting Rabies in Raccoons – Constant Monitoring and Calling for Public Vigilance

Although the risk of a return of raccoon rabies in Quebec has decreased significantly since 2015, Monterey and Estrie are still considered areas at risk of resettlement due to their close proximity to cases detected in the United States each year. The enhanced surveillance, which was maintained in 2022, constitutes an effective and adequate measure in the pursuit of raccoon rabies control in Quebec.

In order to ensure adequate surveillance and prompt detection of any case of rabies, reports from the population remain the best method for identifying infected wild animals. Therefore, citizens of these two regions are encouraged to report raccoons, skunks and foxes that have died or appear disoriented, injured, abnormally aggressive or paralyzed by calling 1 877346-6763 or by filling out the online form at

Watch out for the movement of wild animals

Management would also like to note that vigilance is required regarding the movement, voluntary or involuntary, of animals that may be carriers of rabies, including raccoons. In December 2021, it was reported that a raccoon was transported from North Carolina by truck, unbeknownst to its driver, and retrieved in Estrey as part of a boost to raccoon rabies surveillance. Fortunately, the animal did not have rabies. This event reminds us, however, that the risk of transmission of rabies-carrying animals is very real, even if raccoon rabies cases in wildlife are moving away from Quebec. The last experience of the southOntario, which has struggled with an outbreak of raccoon rabies since 2015 after introducing infected raccoons from place to place, highlights this risk well. A wake-up call is therefore made to the entire population, and more specifically to persons engaged in transport and unloading of goods from other provinces or countries, in order to report any wild animal present on a vehicle (truck, train, boat, etc.).

A reminder of safe behaviors to adopt

  • If you have been bitten or scratched by an animal or come into contact with its saliva, clean the wound with soap and water for 10 minutes, even if it appears slight. Quickly contact Info-Santé 811 for appropriate medical follow-up.
  • Never approach an unfamiliar animal, wild or domestic, even if it appears harmless.
  • Take steps not to attract wildlife to your property (for example, store outdoor litter boxes out of reach of animals and avoid feeding pets outdoors).
  • Avoid moving unwelcome animals, as they can spread diseases such as rabies to other areas.
  • Consult a veterinarian for a rabies vaccination for your pet or if he or she has been in contact with a wild animal likely to transmit rabies.


  • Rabies is a contagious and deadly disease that affects all mammals. So it can be transmitted from an infected animal to humans. In addition to raccoon rabies, other types of rabies are common in Quebec, mainly among bats, and in northern Quebec, among foxes. So care must be taken at all times and with all types of mammals.
  • plan Rabies control in raccoons has been in effect since 2006, after the first case of raccoon rabies was discovered in Quebec.
  • Quebec has been cooperating with the US states and neighboring provinces for many years. These joint and concerted efforts aim to eliminate raccoon rabies in northeastern North America.
  • Should a case of raccoon rabies be detected in Quebec or at the province’s border, it is planned to publish an emergency response plan and make it possible to respond quickly in order to limit and limit the spread of the disease.

Related links:

Information :
media relations
Ministry of Forests, Wildlife and Parks
[email protected]
Such as. : 418521-3875

Source: Ministry of Forests, Wildlife and Parks

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