Epileptic seizure: symptoms, causes, treatment, what to do in case of seizures?

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease that causes uncontrollable seizures. Here’s what you need to know about epilepsy.

Epilepsy is a neurological condition that manifests itself in more or less epileptic seizures. It is divided into two main categories, partial epilepsy and generalized epilepsy.

The number of people with epilepsy in France is around 600,000, according to figures from Assurance Maladie Ameli. Close 50% of people with epilepsy are under 20 years old.

Definition, symptoms, causes, treatment … Find out what you need to know about this disease.

Definition: What is epilepsy?

epilepsy is Neurological Disease Characterized by functional impairment of the electrical activity of the brain. This translates to recurring seizures Corresponding to sudden releases of nerve impulses for short periods.

The epileptic seizures It may be accompanied by convulsions and uncontrolled movements. However, it is not always amazing.

distinguish Two types of epilepsy. In casepartial epilepsyNerve impulses are confined to a single area of ​​the brain called . epilepsy focus. In casegeneralized epilepsythe discharge spreads to all neurons.

It is estimated that between 4 to 10 people out of every 1,000 suffer from epilepsy worldwide. It is the most common neurological disease after migraine. It often occurs before the age of 18 years.

Symptoms: How do you recognize an epileptic seizure?

The Symptoms of a partial seizure It varies according to the location of the epilepsy focus. Thus, the following can be declared:

  • movement disorders
  • Language disorders
  • sensory disturbances
  • memory problems

When it is accompanied by loss of consciousness, we are talking about it complex crisis (Unlike a simple crunch). It is usually associated with memory loss.

The concussive seizures Generalization is manifested by:

  • seizures
  • jerky and uncontrollable spontaneous movements
  • Unconsciousness
  • In some cases, biting the tongue
  • noisy breathing
  • loss of urine

subordinate hallucinations Hearing, visual, or olfactory may occur just before the seizure. calledWe will get. This feeling varies from person to person.

The Extensive absences It corresponds to a contact fracture for a few seconds with a steady gaze and occasionally blinking of the eyelids. It mainly affects children.

Causes of epilepsy

The Epilepsy symptoms is because of a Cerebral lesion – damage to the brain. They can be caused by a brain tumor, cerebrovascular accident, inflammation of the central nervous system, cranial trauma, cerebral malformation … They are often partial and account for 80% of seizures in adults. Their origin can be recent or go back to childhood.

When no cause is detected or suspected, we talk about itIdiopathic epilepsy. This mainly concerns generalized epilepsy. It may be their origin hereditary But nothing has been proven yet. These are mostly epileptic seizures that date back to childhood or adolescence and are not treated in adulthood.

Epilepsy treatment

a The medical treatment Anticonvulsants can be used for better control Frequency and severity of epileptic seizures. It also helps avoid potential complications. It is important to know the origin of epilepsy in order to find the most suitable molecule for treatment.

Treatment usually consists of a Multiple therapy (taking multiple medications) to increase its effectiveness. Good compliance is essential to its success.

However, for approximately 25% of patients, the treatment has been shown to be ineffective due to drug resistance. a Surgery can then be considered. It is related to partial epilepsy and consists of excision of the epileptic focus. Before any operation, it is necessary to carry out tests to determine its location and verify that its removal will not lead to consequences.

Sources used:

#Epileptic #seizure #symptoms #treatment #case #seizures

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.