Learn about the most common skin problems and their causes
Redness, itching and other temporary inconveniences may appear on the skin in case of weakened immunity or during an attack of severe stress, for example. Knowing how to identify the most common illnesses will save you time dealing with them with a medical professional.
Eczema and psoriasis
Although these two skin problems are similar in appearance, they have different origins.
Eczema affects approximately 10% of the population and is the most common skin disease. It can affect any area of the body but is often localized to the hands, face, elbows, or scalp.
The symptoms are well known: itching, redness and sometimes blisters with a feeling of dry skin. It should be noted that on matte skin, eczema results in a noticeable brown or gray area.
Eczema flare-ups are a favorite of dry skin. For this reason, the skin hinders its role as an anti-allergen barrier. Therefore, it is recommended to check the sensitivity of the skin for people prone to eczema. This can be done at a center that specializes in skin problems.
We will also consider the usual prescriptions: emollient creams and topical corticosteroids (anti-inflammatories) according to your specialist’s advice.
Psoriasis is manifested in the form of red spots that can be numerous and spread over a large area, as we will see the appearance of crusts. It often affects one or more joints, resulting in pain as well as joint swelling.
Psoriasis is called an autoimmune disease because here the body attacks its own tissues and leads to the production of many skin cells. This results in a buildup of dry patches of skin. The causes of psoriasis have not been clearly established, but some environmental factors, including stress, appear to play a role.
Acne, known to all, is associated with inflammation of the sebaceous glands located under the skin.
It is mainly located on the face, back and chest of men, however acne can affect all areas of the skin.
It is common in puberty, and it should be noted that it can return at any age. It can have a hormonal cause or be related to diet or genetics, and it can also be preferred by some specific medications. There are also certain diseases that promote acne, such as PCOS.
Acne is usually treated with a suitable topical antiseptic. Make sure to follow your doctor’s instructions on this. It should be noted that some modifications in the diet (stopping the excessive consumption of sugar for example) can help reduce its spread.
Fungal infections are a fungal infection (mushrooms) that especially causes rashes. It is sometimes accompanied by a change in the color of the skin and can also reach the nails.
They are caused by yeast that reproduces in certain conditions: skin folds associated with obesity, diabetes, etc.
Fungal infections are especially prevalent on the feet, so it is always recommended to wash and dry them properly.
Most of these infections can be treated with a gel or ointment. Ask your doctor for advice about this, and he will redirect you to the appropriate treatment.
If you are in doubt about a skin problem, quickly contact a health professional for advice. You can also find more information about means of identifying these skin problems thanks to the Doctissimo website.
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