5 external factors that can change the taste of food – TELES RELAY

Do you have the impression of not perceiving the same taste of food? Learn about some of the factors that can cause food to taste bad.

Last updated : June 14, 2022

For amateurs and those interested in culinary art, there are many factors that make up a good dish that can change the taste of food. Not only the excellent recipe is relevant, but the sauce, quantity, freshness of the ingredients and even the environment affect the taste of a good dish. In this article, we will talk about some of the external factors that can affect the taste of food.

Ensuring each dish retains its authenticity and great flavor is a major challenge. Chefs and all staff responsible for preparation in restaurants must consider the various factors that influence the preparation and presentation of dishes to the table. The same thing happens in home kitchens.

For this reason, being a good chef is not enough for diners to appreciate the dish. Although there are preparation techniques to avoid flavor changes in food, there are also factors that influence or influence perception.

How does the sense of taste work?

The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) explains it The sense of taste works thanks to small molecules that are released during chewing or drinking, and received by taste cells.

These are found in the taste buds, of which there are about 10,000 and are found primarily on the tongue. But they are also in the throat and mouth.

Once stimulated, the taste buds send a message to the brain, where flavors are identified. During this process, there may be internal or external problems.

Read also: The effect of diet if you suffer from gout

Internal disturbances that impair taste

Taste is one of the five senses. Tongue with taste buds and connected to the brain, It produces different flavors: salty, sweet, bitter and sour. When we talk about a taste disorder, it is usually caused by gastro-intestinal reflux, impaired salivary glands, poor dental hygiene, or sinusitis.

The taste is not completely lost. However, they deteriorate, which makes the food taste unpleasant.

On the tongue are taste buds that receive stimuli to transmit information to the brain and then interpret it.

olfactory disorder

Even if it doesn’t seem so, Many flavors are recognized by smell. In fact, enjoying food is a combination of this sense and taste.

For this reason, when there is a disturbance in the sense of smell, flavors are not perceived in the same way. Sometimes this occurs as a result of a respiratory infection or nasal congestion.

Read also: The sense of taste: the tongue and its functions

External factors that greatly affect the taste of food

Besides the internal conditions of taste and smell, there are external conditions for these senses that are able to change the way we perceive food. Here are the top 5.

1. Sensory properties of food

Sensory characteristics refer to the characteristics that distinguish one food from another. It is about what can be perceived with the senses Which tells us what we will understand.

In addition to taste, aroma, texture, temperature and color are essential when eating food. At this point, the popular saying “Everything enters through the eyes” applies.

And therefore , The appearance of a preparation has an effect on how the flavor is perceived. Ensuring a good wood veneer and a beautiful presentation responds not only to aesthetic issues.

2. Type of cooking

The product can be cooked in several ways Each of them has an effect on its taste. For this reason, the taste of mashed potatoes may differ from the taste of fried or baked potatoes. The type of cooking also changes other sensory properties, such as color and texture.

This point is sensitive when eating meat. There are those who prefer it very roasted, not only because of the flavour, but also because of not seeing blood.

In grilled meats, there are different favorites, which change the perception of flavor depending on the time spent on the coals.

3. Drug abuse

This is one of the most overlooked reasons for changing the flavor of food. Exposure to certain chemicals such as these Found in antibiotics and antihistamines, they can alter the perception of flavoursAccording to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.

4. Taste Disorder due to COVID-19

One of the types of taste and smell disorders that we have become aware of in recent years is that caused by COVID-19. One of the common neurological symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection was the following.

5. Aging

Taste buds tend to shrink after the age of 50. For this reason, some people have reported experiencing changes in their sense of taste as they age.

However, it can also be affected by the presence of other diseases that increase in frequency with age and medication intake.

Keep in mind the environment and mood!

Although it may seem silly, The environment and mood can greatly affect the way food tastes. What surrounds us and what we feel affects our perception.

Now that you know some of the more specific factors that can change the taste of food, also know that you have to pay attention to the environment.

This way, if you have guests in the house or if you want to prepare a special dish for the whole family, It is necessary to pay attention to the details of the meal. If there is a state of bliss and calm, with a higher probability, the dishes tend to taste better.

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