Enquête nationale sur la nutrition :  Près de 29% des Marocaines sont obèses

National Nutrition Survey: Almost 29% of Moroccan women are obese

47% of children aged 6-59 months have anemia

The Ministry of Health and Social Protection revealed the results of the National Nutrition Survey. This survey shows that obesity is increasing in Morocco. It is progressing more rapidly in urban areas than in rural areas. According to the main indicators of the national survey 2019-2020, 28.4% of Moroccan women are obese. This rate is higher in urban areas than in rural areas at 32% and 21.8%, respectively. Among the factors included are fast food, poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, lack of physical activity … Also, changing eating habits is an aggravating factor (snacks, fast food, …).

According to the World Health Organization, obesity leads to a series of non-communicable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, stroke, various types of cancer, as well as mental health problems. 3,118 households were surveyed. The number of women surveyed increased to 2,286, children aged 6 to 59 months (864) and children aged 6 to 12 years (1,224). The ministry’s survey revealed that 29.2% of women are overweight. They are only 2.3% skinny (1.7% in urban areas vs. 3.3% in rural areas).

Regarding the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies among women of childbearing age, the survey indicates that 34.4% suffer from anemia, 30.3% suffer from iron deficiency, 11.7% suffer from folic acid deficiency, and 31.3% have a deficiency in vitamin D. . The ministry also revealed in its report that the survey showed that 3.2% of children between the ages of 6 and 59 months are obese and 9.5% are overweight. Also according to the survey, 14.2% have developmental delays (moderate or severe). Stunting is associated with a number of long-term factors including chronic and inadequate protein and energy intake, frequent infections, poor feeding practices over a long period of time and poverty. According to the mentioned survey, 3.1% are underweight (4.4% in rural areas versus 2.1% in urban areas).

2.4% had wasting, that is, a weight loss significantly less than the normal weight for a child of the same height. Wasting is a sign of current or severe malnutrition due to the child not gaining or losing weight. The causes are numerous: insufficient food intake, poor feeding practices, diseases and infections or often a combination of these factors. It should also be noted that 47.5% of children aged 6–59 months suffer from anemia (50.8% in urban areas and 43.1% in rural areas), 23.5% are iron deficient, and 8.8% are deficient (D), and 8% of vitamin D. D deficiency. As for children aged 6 to 12 years, 5.4% are obese (8% in urban areas versus 2.1% in rural areas) and 13% are overweight.

Note that 11.3% are stunted and 2.9% are wasted. Anemia affects 23.8% of children aged 6 to 12 years. It should also be noted that 11.9% had iron deficiency, 10.9% had vitamin A deficiency, 3.1% had vitamin D deficiency, and 21.6% had iodine deficiency. Remember that according to the World Health Organization, obesity is a disease that affects most body systems.

It affects the heart, liver, kidneys, joints and reproductive system. It leads to a series of non-communicable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, stroke, and various types of cancer, as well as mental health problems.



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