Swelling in the hands and feet in general should not be a cause for concern. Unless it appears suddenly and is accompanied by other symptoms.
Inflammation of the hands and feet occurs for various reasons. Sometimes it is related to blood circulation, other times to fluid retention or factors of movement and posture.
Most commonly, it disappears after a reasonable amount of time. When this does not happen and symptoms persist, there may be a more complex health issue behind it.
In fact, this condition It could be a sign of serious conditions, such as heart, kidney, or liver failure. Therefore, if it becomes chronic, inflammation of the hands and feet should not be neglected.
The most common causes of sore hands and feet
It is important to pay attention to the development of symptoms and consult a doctor If it is very clear or if it lasts for a long time. Let’s see what are the main causes of this condition.
1. Lack of physical activity
Decreased physical activity leads to a slowdown in blood circulation. This in turn It makes it more difficult for blood to travel from the arms or legs to the heart. The result is swelling of the extremities.
2. Long trips
This is another cause of sore hands and feet related to the previous point. The person usually remains seated on long trips.
This situation causes blood to accumulate in the legs. It also increases the risk of developing blood clots.
Read also: What are thrombosed hemorrhoids and how to recognize them?
It is very common to get sore hands and feet during pregnancy. The usual thing is that it is more noticeable in the lower extremities and the swelling is mild.
This is because the body retains more fluid and produces more blood and various fluids. This is noticeable after the fifth month, especially at night.
4. Alcohol consumption
Drinking alcohol causes the body to retain more fluid and causes sore feet. Sometimes in the hands.
Most of the time, this goes away within a few hours. If this happens a lot, it is a sign of excessive drinking or a problem with the liver, kidneys, or heart caused by alcoholism.
5. High temperatures as a cause of sore hands and feet
High temperatures cause blood vessels to dilate And more pools of blood in the extremities. The effect is inflammation of the hands and feet. If the veins cannot return blood to the heart, there is significant swelling in the ankles.
Injuries to the extremities cause inflammation in the affected area. Strains, sprains, or fractures cause blood to rush to the area where the trauma occurred. The effect is swelling accompanied by pain.
One of the side effects of some medications is inflammation of the hands and feet. The medications that usually cause this are those containing hormones, stimulants, antidepressants, NSAIDs (NSAIDs), antidiabetics, and ACE inhibitors (ACE inhibitors).
Talking about edema when a Excess fluid is trapped in a specific area of the body. The immediate effect is inflammation in the affected area.
There is usually an underlying reason that explains this. But there are also cases of idiopathic punctate edema.
Lymphedema is swelling caused by blockage of the lymphatic system. It is assumed that the lymph nodes were damaged or removed for some reason that caused the interruption of lymph flow.
Infection is also a possible cause of swollen hands and feet. It can happen that there is a cut, bite or burn and it becomes infected.
11. Poor blood circulation due to atherosclerosis
Poor blood circulation occurs due to atherosclerosis When the arteries become stiffer and therefore less elastic. In these conditions, the heart has to push harder to move blood throughout the body.
12. Diabetes and its inflammatory effect on the hands and feet
Diabetes often causes swelling, especially in the feet. Although it can also occur in the hands.
It happens when glucose levels get out of control and lead to poor circulation. Swelling is often accompanied by redness in the fingers.
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13. Venous insufficiency
Venous insufficiency occurs when the valves in the veins do not function properly. As in other cases, they fail to return the blood they receive back to the heart. It is more common in people who are overweight and older.
14. Blood clot
A blood clot forms when blood changes from a liquid state to a solid state. It can partially or completely block blood flow and may be life-threatening.
The blockage causes swelling that usually occurs in the legs or feet. But it can form in any region of the circulatory system; Including the heart.
15. Kidney failure
Kidney failure is a disease that occurs when the kidneys do not function properly. This leads to it Body fluids are not eliminated properly through urine. It generates inflammation in the hands and feet. The face also swells.
16. Liver failure
Liver failure is a decrease in liver function. It causes a decrease in albumin, a protein found in the blood. This helps to balance the plasma. And when it decreases, it causes inflammation of the hands and feet.
17. Heart failure
If the heart is not strong enough to pump blood, a condition known as heart failure develops. In these cases, Blood may collect in the arms and legs, causing them to swell. There is also a feeling of pressure in the chest, shortness of breath and excessive fatigue.
How do you treat inflammation of the hands and feet?
Treatment depends on the causes. When the factor that generates this symptom is lack of movement or fluid accumulation, what is indicated is raising the arms and raising the legs for half an hour, with a frequency of once or twice a day.
Regarding other reasons, the actions to be taken are as follows:
- due to pregnancy: Don’t spend a lot of time on your feet, wear comfortable shoes, and apply cool compresses to the affected area.
- Because of alcohol consumption: Increase water intake, elevate the feet or place them in cold water.
- Because of high temperatures: Dip your feet in cold water, drink more water, walk around and elevate your feet for a few minutes.
- injury : Typically, the rest, ice, compression, and elevation protocol is used.
- Use of medicines: Talk to your doctor about drug alternatives.
- swelling : Reduce your salt intake, elevate your feet, and wear compression stockings.
- Lymphedema: Gentle exercises, compression, lymphatic drainage massage, complex decongestant therapy.
- Infections: Treat minor infections with antiseptics. Consult a doctor in case of more serious injuries.
- Bad trading: Engaging in physical activity, reducing salt intake and following specific instructions from a professional.
- diabetic : Take your doctor’s prescribed anti-diabetic medication or take insulin according to applicable guidelines.
- Venous insufficiency: Do light physical activity, raise your legs.
- blood clot : It is an emergency that a doctor has to take care of.
- Kidney, liver or heart failure: The doctor will determine the appropriate treatment in each case.
It’s not always a dangerous thing, but you have to be careful
Swollen hands and feet are usually not a symptom of any serious illness, but it is also not a condition that should be neglected. Especially if it is very frequent or lasts more than 3 days. If so, it is best to put the situation in the hands of a doctor.
The same recommendation applies when inflammation of the hands and feet is accompanied by other symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, redness of the skin, cough, fever, or tingling. Also if the swelling appears suddenly.
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